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Research Papers

Research Papers Published by Udayan Care

November 2020

“The development of leaving care law, policy and practice in India”

Dr Kiran Modi, Aneesha Wadhwa, Leena Prasad

A paper was published in Child and Family Social Work journal which is based on extensive desk review, chronologically examines the evolution of aftercare laws and practices in India along with the factors that contributes to the rise of institutional care.

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December 2020

“Support For Youth Leaving Care: A National Research Study, India”

Kiran Modi, Lakshmi Madhavan, Leena Prasad, Gurneet Kalra, Suman Kasana, and Sanya Kapoor

A paper titled was published in International Journal of Child, Youth & Family Studies which is a condensed version of a study entitled “Beyond 18: Leaving Child Care Institutions — A Study of Aftercare Practices in Five States of India”, conducted and published in 2019 by Udayan Care, a charitable organisation, with support from UNICEF India and Tata Trusts. In light of this study’s findings, policy reforms and ways of developing robust aftercare programmes are recommended in relation to policy, practice, and law.

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December 2020

“Care and the COVID-19 Challenge: The Missing Link in the Fulfilment of Educational needs of Children and Young Persons Living in Alternative Care”

Dr Kiran Modi, Leena Prasad and Dr Gurneet Kalra

A paper was published in Indian Journal of School Health and Wellbeing which highlights the importance of addressing and gearing the overall child protection system along with the education system of India thereby providing recommendations and highlighting the importance of training and sensitizing teachers and carer staff in schools.

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April 2021

“Education, poverty and social exclusion: assessment of youth leaving care”

Dr Kiran Modi, Suman Kasana, Ali Azam, Lakshmi Madhavan

A paper was published in SN Social Sciences Journal which examines the interrelatedness of education, poverty and social exclusion among CLs through secondary literature and empirical data from Udayan Care's national study. Analysing the findings from the lens of the Capability Approach, the gaps in provisions of educational support to CLs and subsequent limitations to address challenges of poverty and social exclusion of this population are highlighted, also making recommendations on ways to improve CLs’ outcomes.

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June 2021

Alternative Care in the times of COVID in India: Udayan Care’s Response

By Kiran Modi, Gurneet Kalra, Leena Prasad

A paper was published in The Therapeutic Care Journal in June 2021 with an aim to assess the impact and associated potential risk factors of children living in alternative care with a particular focus on the Indian scenario. By taking into account the past, present, and future potential challenges, this paper postulates the way forward during such times of uncertainty and emergency. Alongside the workable solutions facilitating well-being and state of the children, the paper additionally highlights the significant contributions that were put forth by Udayan Care, a child and youth practising NGO in India, as an immediate response to the crises. With the establishment of the foundational grounds for the children living in alternative care as well as for the children aging out of the system, there can be a collective approach to advance the betterment of the future generations to come. Collaborative efforts to alleviate the push towards institutionalisation remains crucial, as during and post-pandemic the number of children in CCIs is likely to increase.

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September 2021

COVID, Its Impact on the Mental Health of Caregivers in Childcare Institutions of South Asian Countries and Their Coping Techniques: Analysis of the Caregivers in Childcare Institutions Using Data from Seven South Asian Countries”

Kiran Modi, Gurneet Kalra, Leena Prasad, Najeebullah Babrakzai

A paper was published in Institutionalised Children Explorations and Beyond, to document the mental health status of caregivers (residential staff staying with children), in residential care spaces in the COVID times and to determine how the new stresses impacted them and the coping patterns they acquired in current situation; across different countries of South Asia, including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This exploratory rapid assessment project aimed to reach out to the registered childcare homes/ institutions, across the South Asian region, with the help of different NGOs, as well as Government mechanisms. The data was collected through purposive sampling and analysed quantitatively where the sample included the selected caregivers of participating CCIs across these nations. This study aimed to synthesize the responses of caregivers across the region; develop an analysis, which may help authorities to rethink, reform and strengthen the current practices, in order to develop approach-centred strategies for improving the well-being of caregivers as this has a direct bearing on the well-being of children in their care.

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“A critical analysis of the recent developments in alternative care space across South Asia amidst

the Covid-19 crisis”

Kiran Modi, Gurneet Kalra, Leena Prasad, Rajeshwari Narsimha & Jyoti Singh

A paper was published in Scottish Journal of Residential Care: An international journal of group and family care experience, which aimed at focusing on the recent developments in policies and arrangements in the alternative care space in the South Asian countries, namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. It also highlighted the impact of COVID-19 on alternative care space in South Asian countries, its effect on the children living in alternative care, and the measures taken by respective governments in these countries to support them during the pandemic. It stated that an assessment of the recent developments in the policies related to alternative care space in different countries is crucial for understanding the problems faced when dealing with children in institutional care as well as the impact on the de-institutionalisation process due to COVID-19. It is a secondary review of desk research on such developments to understand the possible post-COVID-19 impacts on functionary and regulatory changes in alternative care systems for ‘Children without Parental Care’ in the South Asian region.

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Standardization of a Participatory Questionnaire to Assess the (Fulfilment of) Needs of Children in Care (QANCC) In India”

Kiran Modi,  Gurneet Kaur Kalra, Sudeshna Roy

A paper was published in Journal of child and Adolescent Trauma, in October 2021. The paper illustrates how listening to direct voices of children and incorporating their inputs into actual care practice, can go a long way in improving the holistic wellness of children living in an alternative care setting. The results indicate that all the needs of the majority of the children in Udayan Ghars, which include emotional needs, fundamental/basic needs, educational needs, interpersonal needs were met. This paper had two objectives, where at one end, the deductions of the longitudinal data were made (2011–12 to 2016–17) with demarcating the differences with year 2018–19 data, and at the second level, there was an update on the efforts made to establish the reliability and validity of the tool and create a standardized tool that can be implemented by other child care organizations in India.

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Assessing the Impact of the Transition Process on Care Leavers of Udayan Ghars

Kiran Modi, Gurneet Kalra and Leena Prasad

This paper was published in the Relational Child and Youth Care Practice Journal in December 2021. The paper aims to understand and assess the situation of Care Leavers, who are now alumni of Udayan Care, who had completed their transition process with or without a supportive service in the form of Aftercare and later support provisions as alumni as well, and also seeks to understand the impact of COVID-19 on their well-being. It records their experiences around well-being in their  own words, as also an assessment of services made to them and their impact on their present life, as well as what could be the possible ways of improving their life situations through further continued interventions and processes.

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